The third part of the series of articles on exposure will be the shutter speed. You have already read the articles about ISO and Aperture. Now we will talk about shutter speed.
In this article you will learn:
– What is shutter speed
– How to set the shutter speed on your camera
– How to use Shutter speed and take excellent photos
Understanding shutter speed
The shutter speed is the time during which the camera shutter is open and the light reaches the image sensor of your camera. Of course, the shutter speed is part of the exposure. Shutter speeds are measured in fractions of a second, seconds, and sometimes minutes.
Most modern cameras can handle shutter speeds of up to 1/4000th of a second. The longest available shutter speed on cameras is typically 30 seconds. Some cameras also give you the option to shoot in B (Bulb) mode. Bulb mode lets you keep the shutter open for as long as you hold it down.
Another important effect of shutter speed is on exposure, which relates to the brightness of an image. If you use long shutter speed, your camera sensor gathers a lot of light, and the resulting photo will be quite bright.
The shutter speed will vary at different times of the day at different brightness. How to use this tool for shooting landscape photos?
We will talk about this a little bit later. And now I will show you how to set the shutter speed on your camera.
How to set the shutter speed
A setting by shutter speed depends on several factors. There is a brightness of lighting, aperture, ISO, and filters. You cannot change the shutter speed without paying attention to it.
In Auto mode or aperture priority mode, the shutter speed set automatically. In most cases it is advisable. But in some cases, it is not enough to get creative landscape photos.
You can use the camera in manual (M) or aperture priority. This will give full control of the aperture of the camera.
How to set the shutter speed on Canon
- Turn the Mode dial to align the Manual mode or Shutter priority Tv. Simply turn the large mode dial to the shutter priority.
- Turn the small main dial to select the shutter speed. The camera automatically selects the aperture.
- Also, you can set the camera to “Manual” mode, you set the shutter speed and aperture manually.
Turn the small main dial to select the shutter speed. Set shutter speed on Nikon similar by Canon. Shutter priority is not used by landscape photographers. This is due to the fact that in landscape photography the depth of the field and the ability to adjust the aperture are important.
Therefore, you should learn to work in the “Manual” mode. It is not as difficult as it may seem at first glance. But you will always control the exposure.
The second way to change the shutter speed is to use different filters, such as a polarizer and ND filters. How to use filters in landscape photography you can read on this site too.
Now you know what shutter speed is and how to set it. It’s time to learn how to use shutter speed in landscape photography and take amazing photos.
How to use the shutter speed
The shutter speed determines the movement in the image. A long shutter speed records more movement than short shutter speed. Consequently, you can freeze or blur motion in the frame. It looks very beautiful if you can do it.
The main rule for motion blur photography is slow shutter speeds. Let’s use the example of my photos to learn how to freeze and motion blur.
Many landscape photographers prefer to use a long shutter speed when shooting moving elements. This method is called Long Exposure Photography and is often used to create dreamy landscape pictures.
Usually, you need a tripod, a remote shutter, and possibly some lens filters. You can open the camera shutter from 30 seconds to several minutes to achieve blurry soft waves that make the photo more creative and unique. You may need to use an ND filter on the lens. Just remember to keep your low ISO, experiment and have fun!
Nighttime photography needs slow shutter speed and high IS. The best example of nighttime photography is Northern Lights shooting.
Long Exposure photography
Long exposure photography is a new technique that has gained popularity in the last few years. Start with an f/8 f-stop and a 10-second shutter speed. Use a tripod every time.
Practice your knowledge and experiment. Believe me, it is always very interesting.
For more than 13 years of passion for landscape photography, I got a lot of experience. I show examples of base shutter speeds that can be used for different scenes.
What is the best shutter speed
As you can see there is no single plan.
I can give you one last tip. Experiment with long and slow shutter speed. Shoot the same landscape with different shutter speeds. Then, at home, during post-processing, you select the best shot. This is normal, as the shutter speed creates mood and emotions.
Please check out some of our previously published free tutorials in my archives.
- ISO for Beginner
- Aperture in Landscape Photography
- Exposure Triangle in Photography
- The Depth of Field
- The Histogram in Photography
- White Balance is part of the Exposition
- Exposure Triangle cheat sheet
- Shutter speed chart
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Anyone have any tips to add? Please share in the comments!